THE WATER NEXUS GAMES
We are witnessing a global and ever-increasing demand for food, energy and commodities resulting from demographic trends such as population growth, an expanding middle class with changing lifestyles and diets. At the same time there exists the urgent need to improve and ensure water- energy- and food security while the challenges grow even larger by the occurrence of complicating external factors such as climate change. The provision of water requires the input of energy while water is also needed in the generation and distribution of energy. On the other hand both water and energy are necessary inputs for the production of food, while ecosystems provide us with clean water and food. These interdependencies among water, food, energy and environment are termed the NEXUS and play a major role in current global debates.
The global water demand (water withdrawals) is projected to increase by some 55% by 2050, mainly because of growing demands from manufacturing, thermal electricity generation and domestic use. In line with the current production and consumption patterns and trends, agricultural production will have to increase by some 70% by 2050. As a result of all the above, freshwater availability will become increasingly strained with over 40% of the global population projected to be living in areas of severe water stress by 2050.
Bitmama is a concentration of the creative talents of the Armando Testa Group and the technological excellence of Reply. It offers the market in-depth skills in terms of creativity, brand marketing and technology, at the highest international standards with a multi-platform approach. Bitmama is run by a passionate team of professionals who come from classical advertising, digital advertising, digital publishing and TV broadcasting, to build a unique experience and an interactive relationship through web and digital channels.
WWAP & WWDR REFERENCE
WWDR 2014, Facing the challenges, Volume 2
Chapter 17 Green energy generation in Vienna, Austria
WWDR 2015, Facing the challenges, Volume 2:
Chapter 7: Progress on sustainable development objectives in the Mekong Delta, Viet Nam
Below you may find a selection of resources related to the topics displayed and discussed in the short movie. This is a non-exhaustive list which only serves to provide with additional background material. Most of the subjects tackled have been covered by different World Water Development Reports which are listed in a separate section, followed by a number of external resources.
-On ecosystem services being the base of human well-being. Water ecosystems services: A global perspective: (Dr. Julia Martin-Ortega et al., 2015) http://www.globalwaterforum.org/2015/07/28/water-ecosystem-services-a-global-perspective/
– The nexus approach to water–energy–food security: an option for adaptation to climate change (Golam Rasul & Bikash Sharma, 2015): http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14693062.2015.1029865
– Tracing the Water-Energy-Food nexus: Description, Theory and Practice (Hayley Leck et al., 2015):
-IUCN and IWA: http://www.waternexussolutions.org/1×8/home.html
-The Water-Energy-Food Nexus- A new approach in support of food security and sustainable agriculture (FAO): http://www.fao.org/nr/water/docs/FAO_nexus_concept.pdf
-Post-2015 Overview Document: A rural transformation agenda (IFAD): http://www.ifad.org/governance/post2015/Overview_PolicyBrief_web.pdf
-Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development (UNIDO):
-Global Environmental Change (WHO):
-Renewable Energy in the Water, Energy and Food NEXUS (IRENA): http://www.irena.org/documentdownloads/publications/irena_water_energy_food_nexus_2015.pdf
– On Urbanization and the NEXUS (Energy and Water)
Water security at the energy crossroads (E. Byers, Newcastle University, UK): http://www.globalwaterforum.org/2012/12/09/water-security-at-the-energy-crossroads/